Even though municipalities in Norway have dealt with floods for decades or
longer, with varying degrees of success, recent discourse has highlighted
and framed the local flood problem in the context of climate change.
Framing floods as a climate change topic, rather than a more expansive
view of disaster risk reduction, has both advantages and disadvantages.
These are explored through qualitative interviews and surveys with
flood-related decision makers across several Norwegian municipalities,
using written surveys sent to the mayors and environmental officers of all
municipalities as well as in-depth interviews with individuals from
selected locations. The results are then compared with observations and
experience from non-Norwegian municipalities around the world.
Three sectors are chosen to illustrate the consequences for policy
formulation. Moss, Norway is compared with Boulder, Colorado regarding
the connections between floods and drinking water supply. Ã…mot, Norway
and Cambridge, England exemplify the effects of flooding on cultural
heritage. Flisa, Norway and Toronto, Ontario have parallels regarding the
use of structural defences for flood risk reduction.
The policy implications are that framing flood risk reduction as a climate
change problem has detrimental implications for long-term sustainability
of measures undertaken. Instead, climate change should be seen as one
disaster amongst many, or as one contributor amongst many to flood
disasters, in order to ensure that lessons from the past are used in the
present in order to improve the future under any climate change scenarios.
Kelman, Ilan and Trude Rauken, 2009. Climate change or not? Policy lessons for flooding. Society for Risk Analysis - Europe Conference, From the Everyday to the Extraordinary, 28 June to 1 July, Karlstad, Sweden.
- Language: Engelsk
- Category: Konferanseforedrag/postere
- Presentation title: Climate change or not? Policy lessons for flooding
- Conference title/date: Society for Risk Analysis - Europe Conference, From the Everyday to the Extraordinary, 28 June to 1 July
- Venue: Karlstad, Sweden