Meeting Kyoto Commitments: European Union Influence on Norway and Germany
Chapter 13 turns more explicitly inward, looking at how the European Union has influenced the climate change policies in one member state and one non-member state.
Guri Bang, Jonas Vevatne and Michelle Twena seek to understand and explain how the European Union has influenced the climate change policymaking processes in Germany and Norway. They ask: how has the EU influenced climate instrument choice? To answer this question empirically, Bang et al. focus on the formulation of a prominent climate policy issue, namely emissions trading (ET). At Kyoto in 1997, Parties to the FCCC agreed that trading in GHG emissions would be a cost-effective way to achieve overall emissions reductions. Thus emissions-trading schemes became central in foreign policy discourses. However, the specifics of how to implement ET were not agreed at Kyoto, instead being left to subsequent international deliberations. Only at the Seventh Conference of the Parties in Marrakech in 2001 was agreement reached on the issue. In their chapter, Bang et al. argue that the EU has been a decisive factor in laying the ground for an emissions trading system (ETS) in Germany, and has been influential in shaping the design of Norway's ETS.
They explain how Norway started off being enthusiastic about emissions trading, while Germany was openly against it. When the EU changed its position as a result of what happened at Kyoto, Norway and Germany changed their positions on domestic ET. Underlying Chapter 13's discussion is an analytical framework based on social constructivism, elitism and interest-based theory, which examines the role of norms, ideas, power and interests in international climate change policy. The authors argue that these perspectives frame policy instrument choice, which results from the interplay between domestic actors and institutions, on the one hand, and international organizations, institutions and regimes, on the other.
Bang, Guri, Jonas Vevatne and Michelle Twena, 2007. Meeting Kyoto Commitments: European Union Influence on Norway and Germany. In: Harris, Paul G. (ed.), Europe and Global Climate Change: Politics, Foreign Policy, and Regional Cooperation. Edward Elgar Publishing.
- Language: Engelsk
- Category: Bok-kapitler
- Section title: Meeting Kyoto Commitments: European Union Influence on Norway and Germany
- Editors: Harris, Paul G. (ed.)
- Year: 2007
- Book title: Europe and Global Climate Change: Politics, Foreign Policy, and Regional Cooperation
- Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing