Introducing top-down methods in assessing compliance with the Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol has an ambitious reporting and review system to assess Parties’ compliance with their emission commitments. This system is based on a bottom-up approach, that is, each Party is required to submit detailed emission inventories. This system not only requires considerable resources, but it is still an open question whether it will serve its purpose with respect to detecting all important cases of non-compliance. However, the system will increase the quality of emission data due to the formal requirements and mutual learning. This paper looks at the extent to which the current system is sufficient and the degree to which it can be replaced or supplemented by top-down methods, that is, independent inverse modelling methods that calculate probable emissions using measured concentrations of gases in the atmosphere and meteorological models. We argue that these methods are as yet too imprecise to serve as independent alternatives to the emission inventories reported by the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol, although they could be useful in monitoring the global success of the protocol. We conclude that the top-down approaches are perhaps most useful as a supplement to the traditional emission inventories, in particular those dealing with fluorinated gases, thereby providing input for improving the emission inventories methods and guidelines.


Rypdal, Kristin, Frode Stordal, Jan S. Fuglestvedt and Terje Berntsen, 2005. Introducing top-down methods in assessing compliance with the Kyoto Protocol. Climate Policy, 5 (4): pp. 393-405.

Flere detaljer

  • Språk: Engelsk
  • Kategori: Tidsskriftartikler
  • Tittel: Introducing top-down methods in assessing compliance with the Kyoto Protocol
  • Tidsskrift: Climate Policy
  • Volum: 5
  • Nummer: 4
  • Sidetall: 393-405


Sist oppdatert: 02.01.06


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